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Technical Policies for the Municiple Refuse Disposal and the Prevention and Control of Pollution

(Promulgated by the Ministry of Construction, the Ministry of Science and Technology, the State Environmental Protection Administration on May 29, 2000)

I. General Provisions


I.1 The Technological Policies are formulated for the purpose of guiding the technological development for the disposal of urban consumer waste and prevention and control of pollution, enhancing the level of the Municiple Refuse disposal and promoting sustainable growth of the social, economic and environmental sectors in accordance with the Law of the People's Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution by Solid Wastes and relevant laws and regulations of the State.


I.2 The (hereinafter refered to as refuse) means the solid wastes from urban everyday life or created in the activities of providing services for the urban everyday life, and the solid wastes which are deemed as urban consumer waste specified in the law and other administrative regulations.

I.3 The Technological Policies are applicable to the management and technical selection and application of the whole process of refuse collection, transport and disposal and give guidance to the planning, establishment of project, design, construction and management of the installations for refuse disposal and to the growth of related industries.

I.4 Under the guidance of the overall plan and the environmental protection plan for the cities, specialized plans in connection with the refuse disposal shall be formulated so as to rationally determine the layout and scale of the installations for the refuse disposal. Plans for regional installations and centralized disposal of refuse shall be encouraged in the regions where the conditions exist.

I.5 The whole process management of the creation of refuse shall be strengthened in line with the principle of decrement, resources and innocuity so as to reduce the creation of refuse from the beginning. The created refuse shall be actively and innocuously treated, recovered and utilized so as to prevent environmental pollution.

I.6 The disposal technology and installations of refuse for sanitary land fill, incineration and compost are with corresponding applicable conditions. On the principle of acting according to circumstances, feasible technology, reliable equipment, appropriate scale, and comprehensive treatment and utilization, one of the desposal technology and installations of refuse may be rationally selected or they may be appropriately composed. Cities with ground resources for sanitary land fill and proper natural conditions shall regard the sanitary land fill as the basic plan for refuse disposal; cities with the economic and refuse heat value conditions, but a lack of the sanitary landfill resources may develop the incineration disposal technology. Appropriate biological disposal technology shall be actively developed and a comprehensive disposal method shall be encouraged to be adopted. To dump at will and  uncontrolled heap of refuse are forbidden.

I.7 The construction of the installations for refuse disposal shall be strictly implemented in accordance with the procedures for capital construction and the environmental impact treatment. The acceptance of the installations for refuse disposal and the supervision of contamination discharge in the course of the operation of the installations shall be tightened up.

I.8 Diversified investment, market operation, standardized equipment and automated monitor are encouraged for the construction of the installations for refuse disposal. People from all walks of life are encouraged to actively participate in the decrement, classified collection, recovery and utilization of refuse.

I.9 The development of the refuse disposal technology must rely on the scientific and technological progress. It is necessary to actively study new technology, employ new techniques, select new equipment and materials, strengthen technical integration and gradually enhance the level of technical equipment for refuse disposal.


II. Refuse Decrement


II.1 Restrict over-package, establish the recovery system of the wrapping materals for consumer goods and reduce the refuse from the disposables .

II.2 Raise gas popularization rate and central heating rate and reduce the amount of coal dust refuse by means of  changing of the fuel structure in cities.

II.3 Encourage to aell clean vegetables on markets and cut down the amount of the residual refuse from kitchens.


III. Comprehensive Utilization of Refuse


III.1 Actively develop the comprehensive utilization technology, encourage the recovery and utilization of waste paper, metals, glass and  plastics, and gradually establish and improve the recovery networks of waste materials.

III.2 Utilization of residual heat from refuse incineration, recovery and utilization of gas from land filled refuse, hightemperature compost of organic refuse and utilization of methane by anaerobic digestion shall be encouraged.

III.3 The secondary pollution shall be avoided and controlled in the course of recovering and comprehensively utilizing refuse.


IV. Collection and Transport of Refuse


IV.1 Actively carry out an activity of collecting refuse. The classified collection shall be combined with classified desposal and the classification shall be conducted in line with the method of disposal. 

IV.2 Collection and transport of refuse shall be conducted in a tightly closed way so as to prevent the refuse from exposing, spilling and dripping. The method of compression collection and transport is encouraged. The method of open collection and transport of refuse shall be eliminated as quickly as possible.

IV.3 Strengthen the collection, transport and disposal of massive refuse in combination with recovery and utilization of resources.

IV.4 No dangerous wastes shall be allowed to get into consumer waste. An independent system for collecting, transporting and treating waste batteries, fluorescent tubes and containers for pesticied shall be gradually established.

V. Sanitary Landfill Disposal


V.1 The sanitary land fill is an indispensable and ultimate means for refuse disposal and is also a major method for refuse disposal at present in China.  

V.2 The plan, design, construction, operation and management of the sanitary land fill grounds shall be implemented strictly in accordance with the requirements of the Technical Standards for the Sanitary Landfill of municiple refuse, the Standards for the Pollution Control of the Sanitary Landfill of municiple refuse  and the Environmental Monitoring Technical Standards for the Landfill Grounds of Consumer waste.

V.3 Scientifically and rationally select the sites for sanitary landfill grounds so as to be beneficial for reducing the impact of sanitary landfill on the environment.

V.4 If the natural conditions of the sanitary land fill grounds meet the standards, the natural leakage proof method shall be adopted; if the grounds fail to satisfy the natural leakage proof conditions, the man made technical measures for leak protection shall be taken.

V.5 Rain water and sewage shall be separately drained on the sanitary land fill grounds so as to cut down the amount of percolating water ( percolated liquid)  in the course of operation

V.6 A collection system for percolating water shall be established and drain the appropriately treated percolating water into the urban sewage disposal system is encouraged. If the above conditions are not satisfied, individual installations shall be established for treating the percolating water and only when the percolating water has been up to the standard, it can be drained into the water body.The percolating  water can also be refluxed so as to reduce the amount of treatment, cut down the treatment load and speed up stabilization of the sanitary land fill grounds.

V.7 A leading out and discharge system for the gases from sanitary land fill grounds shall be set up. Engineering meansures shall be adopted to prevent accidents caursed by the sidewards lateral migration of the gases. Such gases shall be recovered and utilized as far as pssible and for those gases that are haard to be recovered and without any utilization value shall be led out and discharged upon being treated. 

V.8 Refuses shall be filled in layer by layer in a certain thickness, well compacted and covered daily.   

V.9 After the completion of the sanitary land fill, sealing treatment, restoration of ecological environment shall be required and leading out percolating  water and gas treatment shall be continuously carried out. Prior to the stadiness  of the sanitary land fill grounds,ground water, surface water and the atmosphere shall be monitored regularly.


V.10  After the steadiness of the sanitary land fill grounds and upon monitoring and demonstration and the examination and approval of the department concerned, the land can be appropriately developed and utilized but cannot be used for construction.


VI. Incineration Disposal


VI.1 Incineration is applicable to the regions where the average low heat value of refuse in the incinerator is higher than 5000kj/kg, where there is a lack of sanitary land fill grounds and where the economy is fairly developed.

VI.2 It is appropriate to adopt ripe technique based on grate furnaces for refuse incineration and other types of incinerators shall be adopted with circumspection. Any incinerators that fail to be up to the standard of control are not allowed to be used.

VI.3 Refuse shall be thoroughly burnt in the incinerators and keep smoke at least 2 seconds in the afterburner for at least 2 seconds at a temperature of no less than 850℃.


VI.4 The heat energy generated from refuse incineration shall be recovered as far as possible so as to reduce heat pollution.

VI.5 Any smoke, sewage, slags, flying ashes, unpleasant odours and noise from refuse incineration shall be controlled and treated strictly in accordance with the requirements as stipulated in the Standards for Pollution Control of municiple refuse Incineration  and other relevant standards so as to prevent the surroundings from being polluted. 

VI.6. Advanced and reliable techniques and equipment shall be adopted and the smoke from the incineration of refuse shall be strictly controlled. It is appropriate to adopt the technology of the semidry method plus bag type dust removal for smoke treatment.

VI.7 Percolating water from the dump pit and waste water generated in the course of production shall be pre treated and individually disposed. If they are up to discharge standard, they are allowed to be discharged. 

6.8 If slags from refuse incineration do not belong to hazardous waste matter upon discrimination, they can be recovered and utilized or directly filled in. If the slags and flying ashes from dazardous waste, they must be disposed as hazandous waste matter.


VII. Compost Disposal


VII.1  Refuse compost is applicable to the refuse which can be biodegraded and the organic matter content of such refuse is higher than 40%. High temperature compost disposal is encouraged on the basis of collection of classified refuse.

VII.2  The temperature inside the efuse of the heap shall be guaranteed over 55℃ for 5-7 days in the process of high temperature compost. 

VII.3 The operation and maintenance of a refuse compost plant shall comply with the provisions of the Operation, Maintenance and Safety Technical Rules for Muriciple refuse Urban Consumer waste Compost Disposal Plants.

VII.4  Percolating water generated in the course of refuse compost can be used for the needs of regulating the moisture of refuse in the compost. If it is to be drained away, it shall be treated and up to the requirements of the Sewage Comprehensive Discharge Standard and the Technical Appraisal Targets of Municiple refuse Compos Disposal Plants in Cities.

VII.5  Measures shall be taken to treat the odours generated in the course of compost. The treated odours shall be up to the requirements as set in the Standards for the Discharge of Malodorous Pollutants.

VII.6  Compost products shall be in accordance with the relevant provisions on the Control Criteria for Muriciple refuse for Agricultural Purposes, the Technical Appraisal Targets of Muriciple refuse Compost Disposal Plants and the Sanitary Standards for Harmless Night Soil. The tests and control of heavy metals in  compost products shall be strengthened.

VII.7 Residua generated in the course of compost can be treated either by incineration or sanitary land fill.

(This English version is for your reference only.In case any discrepancy exists between the Chinese and English context, the Chinese version shall prevail.)

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