(Promulgated by the National Environmental Protection Agency on January 13, 1997)
Reporting and registering pollutant discharges is a legal administrative system and forms the basis of firming up environmental management and ensuring scientific decisions. The National Environmental Protection Agency has carried out successively the report and registration of water, gas, solid wastes and noise in pilot places since 1987. The National Environmental Protection Agency issued Order 10(Regulations for the Report and Registration of Pollutant Discharges (hereafter referred to as Order 10) and the related Form to Report and Register Pollutant Discharges in 1992, and clearly demanded that the whole nation shall carry out the report and registration of pollutant discharges. The National Environmental Protection Agency further demanded that enterprises in big-sized cities, whose water consumption accounts for over 75 percent of the total industrial water consumption, and enterprises in medium and small-sized cities, whose water consumption accounts for over 85 percent of the total industrial water consumption, shall finish their report and registration of sewage discharge by the end of 1995. The report and registration of waste air emission in cities above prefecture and above municipal level shall be completed by the end of 1995. Meanwhile, dynamic archives and management system of waste gas emission report and registration shall be established (huan kong No.294, 1995). The report and registration of solid wastes shall be finished by the year of 1996 (huan kong No. 615, 1995). The report and registration of environmental noise shall be completed by the end of October 1996 (huan kong No.294, 1995). At present, most provinces or cities of the country have carried out unified report and registration of pollutant discharges of water, gas, noise and solid wastes in accordance with the requirements. Some provinces or cities such as Jiangsu province, Beijing and Tianjin have basically completed such report and registration; however, some provinces or cities are still conducting such report and registration slowly.
The State Council approved the Ninth Five-Year Plan for National Environmental Protection and Long-Range Objective of the Year 2010 (shortened as "the Plan and Objective") recently. To ensure the fulfillment of the plan to control the total amount of the discharges of main pollutants during the ninth five-year period listed in the Plan and the Objective, it is necessary to carry out the report and registration of pollutant discharges successfully. Requirements concerning nationwide report and registration of pollutant discharges are made as follows:
1.All provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities shall formulate detailed working plans and implementation plans for specific reporting and registering stages and assign persons specially responsible for the implementation of each plan, so that such report and registration can be carried out in an planned and organized way.
2.Ranges and requirements of the report and registration of pollutant discharges:
(1)The nationwide report and registration of pollutant discharges covering: Ranges listed in Order 10: all enterprises (including enterprises at or above county level, township enterprises and foreign funded enterprises), institutions, or privately owned small enterprises that directly or indirectly discharge pollutants, emit industrial or construction noise, or produce solid wastes; and The 12 categories of pollutants (namely, water: oxygen consumption needed by chemicals, petrochemicals, cyanide, arsenic, mercury, cadmium, sexivalent chromium; air: smoke and dusk, powder, sulfur dioxide; and solid: emission amount of industrial solid wastes) whose total amount of discharges shall be under control (determined by the State) and phenol in water.
(2)Standardize the report and relevant software. Places that have not conducted or will conduct such report and registration shall make a unified report of the four discharged pollutants (namely, water, air, noise and solid wastes) simultaneously. Software of National Database on Information Management of the Report and Registration of Pollutant Discharges including the discharges of water, air, noise and solid wastes has been compiled. Training courses will be organized recently to popularize such software. Places that are reporting and registering or have reported and registered shall, in accordance with the unified requirements of such software, conduct data logging and processing. Environmental protection bureaus of all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities shall complete such report and registration by the end of 1997 and shall report summaries of such report and registration to the National Environmental Protection Agency the same year end.
3.All places shall, in accordance with Order 10 and according to specific local situations, define accurately the range of modifications in the report of discharges so as to know well the changes in pollutant discharges in time.
4.In order to further the total amount control of discharges, proper amendments have been made, according to Order 10 and also by making reference to pilot work in recent years, to part of the contents of the National Registration Form of Pollutant Discharges. Here is the amended edition of National Registration Form of Pollutant Emissions and its specifications (see the appendices), all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities shall organize the report and registration of discharges strictly according to such Form and its specifications.
Annex: Registration Form of Pollutant Discharges and its specifications (omitted).